The Upanishads — "The Brahman of the Upanishads"1

The heart of the Upanishads is most meaningful and most fruitful because it embodies the Life of the Brahman. Brahman is Reality in existence, the Brahman is Reality’s existence. The eternal Truth of the Brahman is in the finite, beyond the finite and beyond the ever-transcending Infinite.

In realisation, in the domain of realisation, Brahman is the Sovereign Absolute. In the domain of revelation, Brahman is the Omnipresent Reality. And in the field of manifestation, Brahman is immortalising Perfection.

Brahman the Creator is the Consciousness-Light and Brahman the Fulfiller is the Consciousness-Delight. Brahman is the inner Soul of all and the only Goal in all.

AUM

When we look within Brahman is Consciousness-Force and when we look without Brahman is Self-Manifestation. When we think of the Brahman with our mind, earth-bound mind, limited mind, sophisticated mind, unaspiring mind, our life becomes sheer frustration; but when we meditate on the Brahman in the heart, in the silent recesses of our heart, our life becomes pure illumination.

AUM

To a non-seeker, Brahman is unknowable. To a beginner-seeker, Brahman is unknown. To a master-seeker, Brahman is not only knowable and known but he himself grows into the Consciousness of the Brahman.

Sarvam khalu idam Brahma. "Indeed, all is Brahman”. The eternal is existence within. The eternal is existence without.

There is no abiding happiness in the finite. It is only in the Infinite that we can hear the message of eternal delight: Anandam Brahma and Anantam Brahma. These are the two major aspects of the Brahman. Anandam Brahma is the life of the all-illumining delight and the all-fulfilling delight. Anantam Brahma is the Life of Infinity. Here on earth the Life of Infinity constantly grows for the fulfilment of the absolute Brahman. That is why the Upanishadic Seers sing from the depth of their hearts about the transcendental Delight of the Brahman: Anandadvayvah khalvi… From the transcendental Delight we came into existence, in Delight we grow and play our respective roles, at the end of our journey’s close we enter into Supreme Delight.”

Again, when the Seers saw Infinity in Brahman they sang: Aum purnamadah, purnamidam… "Infinity is that, Infinity is this, from Infinity Infinity came into existence, and from Infinity when Infinity is taken away, Infinity remains the same.”

The Brahman is active. The Brahman is inactive. The active Brahman inwardly does and outwardly becomes. Again, the active Brahman outwardly does and inwardly becomes. This is what the active Brahman does and becomes. But the inactive Brahman is the total freedom of inaction and complete freedom in inaction.

Brahman is at once the eternal unborn and the eternal birth and growth of existence. Brahman is ignorance-night. Brahman is knowledge-light. Brahman the ignorance-night needs total transformation. Brahman the knowledge-light needs complete manifestation.

The whole universe came into existence from Brahman the Seed. When Brahman wanted to project Himself, He first projected Himself through four significant worlds: Ambhas, the highest world; Marichi, the sky; Mara, the mortal world, the earth; Apa, the world beneath earth. Then the Brahman sent forth the guardians of these worlds. Then the Brahman sent forth food for them. At that time Brahman becomes Annam Brahma — “God is food”. Then Brahman came to realise that He Himself has to take part in His Cosmic Lila, Cosmic Game, so He entered into the Cosmic Lila through His own Yogic power. First He entered into the human body through the skull. The door by which Brahman entered is called the door of delight. This door is the highest centre of consciousness. This is known as Sahasrara, the thousand-petalled lotus. It is situated in the centre of the brain. The realisation of the Yogi enters there and becomes one with the Consciousness of the Brahman.

Brahman has many names but His secret name is AUM. Pranavo dhanuh sharo atma… “Aum is the bow and Atma, the Self, is the arrow, Brahman is the target. Now through repeated practice the arrow is fixed into the target, the Brahmic Consciousness.” That is to say, through regular concentration, meditation and contemplation the seeker enters into the Absolute Consciousness of the Brahman.

Brahman and creation. Creation is the supreme sacrifice of the Brahman. Creation is by no means a mechanical construction. Creation is a spiritual act, supremely revealing, manifesting and fulfilling the divine splendour of the Brahman. The divine architect is beyond creation and at the same time manifests Himself in and through creation.

Brahman created out of his Being Priests, warriors, tradesmen and servants. Then He created the Law. Nothing can be higher than the Law. This Law is Truth. When a man speaks the Truth, he declares the Law. When he declares the Law, he speaks the Truth. The Truth and the Law are one, inseparable.

Now our Indian mythology has divided the time, not earth-bound time but eternal Time, into four divisions: Kali Yuga, Dwapara Yuga, Treta Yuga and Satya Yuga. But it started the other way around, Satya, Treta, Dwapara and Kali. According to many we are now in the Kali Yuga. Brahman in the Kali Yuga is fast asleep. He is in inconscience-ignorance-mire. In Dwapara Yuga He awakes and He looks around. In Treta Yuga He stands up, about to move on, move forward. In Satya, the Golden Yuga, He moves fast, faster, fastest, towards His Goal. Therefore the message of the Vedas, the eternal message of the Aryan civilisation and culture, the realisation of the Indian Sages and Seers, is movement, inner progress, the life’s march towards the destined Goal. Charai veti, charai veti. "Move on, move on.”


  1. AUM 838. Yale University, New Haven, Conn., 8 December 1971.