Flame-waves from the Upanishad-sea, part 1

Rutgers University; New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
18 February 1972

I

transliteration

Aum bhur bhuvah svah
tat savitur varenyam
bhargo devasya dhimahi
dhiyo yo nah pracodayat

translation

We meditate on the Transcendental Glory of the Deity Supreme, who is inside the heart of the earth, inside the life of the sky and inside the soul of the Heaven. May He stimulate and illumine our minds.

comment

Illumination needed; here is the answer. Transcendental Illumination transforms the animal in us, liberates the human in us, and manifests the Divine in us.

II

transliteration

Purnam adah purnam idam purnat purnam udacyate
purnasya purnam adaya purnam evavasisyate

translation

Infinity is that. Infinity is this.
From Infinity, Infinity has come into existence.
From Infinity, when Infinity is taken away, Infinity remains.

comment

Infinity is the concealed Breath of the Pilot Supreme.
Infinity is the revealed Life of the Supreme’s Boat.
Infinity is the fulfilled Body of the Goal Supreme.

III

transliteration

Asato ma sad gamaya
Tamaso ma jyotir gamaya
Mrtyor mamrtam gamaya

translation

Lead me from the unreal to the Real.
Lead me from darkness to Light.
Lead me from death to Immortality.

comment

The unreal in us desires the pleasure-life of the finite. The Real in us aspires for the God-Life of the Infinite.

Darkness is the discovery of the doubting and frustrated mind. Light is the discovery of the aspiring and dedicated heart.

Death—where is the cat? Miaowing nowhere. Immortality — where is the lion? Roaring all-where.

IV

transliteration

Anor aniyan mahato mahiyan atmasya jantor nihito guhayam

translation

Smaller than the smallest life, larger than the infinite Vast,
The soul breathes in the secret heart of man.

comment

The soul is God’s eternal child and man’s great-grandfather.

As God’s eternal child, the soul unceasingly plays.

As man’s eternal grandfather, the soul perpetually enjoys rest.

V

transliteration

Vedaham etam puru. sam mahantam adityavarnam tamasah parastat

translation

I have known this Great Being, effulgent as the sun, beyond the boundaries of tenebrous gloom.

comment

Before our realisation, this Great Being quenched our heart’s thirst. After our realisation, we feed the Soul’s hunger of this Great Being.

VI

transliteration

Satyam eva jayate

translation

Truth alone triumphs.

comment

Truth is God’s Crown offered to God by God Himself.

Truth realised, God is forever caught.

VII

transliteration

Devebhyah kam avrnita mrtyum
Prajayai kam amrtam navrnita.

translation

For the sake of the Gods, he [Brihaspati] chose death.

He chose not Immortality for the sake of man.

comment

Brihaspati houses the flowing life of the Gods and treasures the glowing love of man.

VIII

transliteration

Uru nas tanve tan
Uru ksayaya nas krdhi
Uru no yamdhi jivase

translation

For our body give us freedom.
For our dwelling give us freedom.
For our life give us freedom.

comment

God’s Compassion is the freedom of our body. God’s Concern is the freedom of our dwelling. God’s Love is the freedom of our life.

IX

transliteration

Agnir jyotir jyotir agnir
Indro jyotir jyotir indrah
Suryo jyotir jyotih suryah

translation

Agni is Light and the Light is Agni.
Indra is Light and the Light is Indra.
Surya is Light and the Light is Surya.

comment

Light is Love revealed.
Light is Life manifested.
Light is God fulfilled.

X

transliteration

Anandaddhyeva khalvimani bhutani jayante Anandena jatani jivanti Anandam prayantyabhisamvisanti

translation

From Delight we came into existence.
In Delight we grow.
At the end of our journey’s close, into Delight we retire.

comment

God has written an open letter to His human children. His letter runs: “My sweetest children, you are the only delight of My universal Existence.”

XI

transliteration

Hiranmayena patrena satyasyapihitam mukham
Tat tvam pusan apavrnu satyadharmaya drstaye

translation

The Face of Truth is covered with a brilliant golden orb. Remove it, O Sun, so that I who am devoted to the Truth may behold the Truth.

comment

The Face of Truth awakens us.
The Eye of Truth feeds us.
The Heart of Truth builds us.

XII

transliteration

Saha navavatu saha nau bhunaktu
Saha viryam karavavahai

translation

May He protect us together.
May He own us together.
May He give unto us vigour and virility.

comment

God, Guru, and disciple: God is Compassion and Protection; Guru is Concern; the disciple is dedication. When these three work together, perfect Perfection shines and it will shine throughout Eternity.

XIII

transliteration

Yenaham namrta syam
Kim aham tena kuryam

translation

What shall I do with the things that cannot make me immortal?

Comment

God is eternally proud of His human children because they embody His own Immortality.

XIV

transliteration

Madhuman me parayanam
Madhumat punarayanam

translation

Sweet be my departure from home.
Sweet be my return.

comment

My sweet departure from my eternal Home has made me feel how brave I am.
My sweet return to my eternal Home shall make me feel how fortunate I am.